Local Government, Planning & Environmental Law

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[vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Clifford Ireland Listed in “The Best Lawyers in Australia” 2023 for: Planning & Environmental Law (since 2020) Real Property Law (since 2021) Construction/Infrastructure Law Water Law -  “Lawyer of the Year for 2023” Listed by Doyles Guide as a Leading Environmental and Planning  junior barrister, 2022 and since 2013 Listed by Doyles Guide as a recommended Environmental and Planning  junior barrister, 2019 Listed by Doyles Guide as a recommended Environmental and Planning  junior barrister, 2018 Listed by Doyles Guide as a leading Environmental and Planning  junior barrister, 2017 Listed by Doyles Guide as a leading Environmental and Planning  junior barrister, 2016 Listed by Doyles Guide as a leading Environmental and Planning  junior barrister, 2015 Listed by Doyles Guide as a leading Environmental and Planning  junior barrister, 2014 Listed by Doyles Guide as a leading Environmental and Planning  junior barrister, 2013 Clifford has authored the following publications: “Admitting Evidence of pre-contract negotiations” – June 2010, Vol 48 No.5 LSJ “Environmental planning in the public interest and private property rights: The role of s 28 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 NSW” – (2010) 15 LGLJ 155 “Should Private Property Rights Trump The Public Interest in Renewal of the Urban Environment” – November 2009, Volume 15, Local Government Law Journal at 86 “Climate Change Litigation and Planning Law” – Paper, NSW Bar Association Journal, 2008[/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Areas of Practice Administrative Law Appellate Building & Construction Law Commercial Law Criminal Law Equity & Trusts Liquor & Gaming Law Local Government, Planning & Environmental Law Real Property Law [/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Qualifications Bachelor of Arts, University of Sydney Bachelor of Laws (Honours I), University of Sydney Master of Laws, University of Sydney[/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Professional experience Solicitor and Senior Associate, Blake Dawson Waldron (now Ashurst) Research Assistant, Land and Environment Court of New South Wales [/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Recent and Significant Cases Site R & D Pty Ltd v Byron Shire Council [2022] NSWLEC 1121 - Significant subdivision development in Byron Bay Shire, successfully approved by the NSW Land & Environment Court in a merits appeal decision handed down on 8 March 2022, by Commissioner Chilcott after a 9 day hearing. Clifford appeared for the Joint Venture Applicants who appealed the refusal by the Northern Regional Planning Panel, under delegation from Byron Shire Council (the Respondent) of the Applicant’s DA seeking consent to subdivide land in two separate areas forming part of the West Byron Urban Release Area (WBURA). Complex issues included: the Applicant’s requests to vary development standards under SEPP 1; whether the Site contained core koala habitat, potential impacts on frog habitat, and biodiversity impacts, including proposed tree removal; acceptable design of road access to industrial land and the satisfaction of all jurisdictional requirements. This is an important decision for planning and environmental law as it addresses complex planning and environmental issues and resolves them in a lengthy and detailed judgment which may have application for similar future cases. Secretary, Department of Planning and Environment v Goodman Property Services (Aust) Pty Ltd; Secretary, Department of Planning and Environment v Burton Contractors Pty Ltd T/as Burton Civil Engineering Contractors (No 2) [2021] NSWLEC 34 - Successfully argued, appearing unled, that criminal charges brought by the NSW Department of Planning were legally defective. Mangoola Coal Operations Pty Limited v Muswellbrook Shire Council [2021] NSWCA 46 - This was a rating and land valuation case, the amounts in issue being many millions of dollars, and concerning the rating categorisation of land surrounding one of the largest open cut coal mines in Australia. Was buffer land surrounding a mine categorised as “mining” or “farming”?   Also appeared at trial: [2020] NSWLEC 66 (11 June 2020). Tropic Asphalts Pty Ltd v Snowy Monaro Regional Council [2021] NSWCCA 24 - Appearing unled for the Prosecutor in the NSW Court of Criminal Appeal, successfully defended a decision of Moore J (dated 16 September 2020 [2020] NSWLEC 136), against an application under s 5F of the Criminal Appeal Act 1912 (NSW) for leave to appeal. The defendant argued the subpoena was tainted by improper purpose and illegality. Palm Beach Protection Group Inc v Northern Beaches Council (No 2) [2020] NSWLEC 181 (15 December 2020) and Palm Beach Protection Group Incorporated v Northern Beaches Council [2020] NSWLEC 156 (20 November 2020) - Successful environmental or public interest judicial review proceedings, before Preston CJ of LEC, Chief Judge of the Land and Environment Court. Kiangatha Holdings Pty Ltd v Water NSW [2020] NSWCCA 263 (19 October 2020) - NSW Court of Criminal Appeal. Successfully appealed a decision of the NSW Land & Environment Court (20 December 2019) arguing that the Prosecutors’ summonses were bad for duplicity. The case lays down some important guidelines for the guidance of prosecutors in the area of environmental crime, concerning the need for precision in pleading. Menangle Sand and Soil Pty Ltd v Minister for Planning [2020] NSWLEC 1425 - Successful merits review appeal to the NSW Land & Environment Court against a decision of the Minister for Planning refusing a modification application of an existing consent seeking the extension of a major sand mining operation or quarry for the purpose of extraction of sand and soil and ancillary works, for a further 15 years of operation. The quarry in question had originally supplied the sand used for the concrete used in the Sydney Harbour Bridge. AMT Planning Consultants Pty Ltd t/as Coastplan Consulting v Central Coast Council [2018] NSWCA 289 - successfully defended an appeal concerning the character of the use of the land for which development consent was granted for the purposes of establishing an “existing use” under sections (formerly known as) 106 and 107(1)(b)(i) of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (EPA Act) EPA v Wellington [2017] NSWLEC 8; (2017) 222 LGERA 31 - successfully argued that the Class 5 criminal proceedings concerning a pollution incident leading to the pollution of the Macquarie River from the council’s sewage treatment plant should be dismissed on legal grounds. EPA v Riverina [2015] NSWCCA 165; (2015) 90 NSWLR 57 successfully defending serious criminal charges under the POEO Act brought against client who was a manufacturer of stockfeed. Leading decision on duplicity of criminal charges in environmental crime. [/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Publications Clifford is the Editor of the “Local Government -  Finance - Actionable Liability” section of Lexis Nexis' Local Government Planning & Environment NSW Service.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]...

[vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Sydney Jacobs Sydney specialises in the areas of commercial equity, including real property, conveyancing, easements, covenants, strata, building and construction law, partnership disputes, insolvency, and leasing. He is also a NMAS accredited mediator, and a BarADR accredited arbitrator and an expert determiner. Complementing his practice as a barrister and mediator, Sydney authors two major loose-leaf services published by Thomson Reuters: Commercial Damages and Injunctions: Law & Practice; and part-authors two leading loose-leaf services, Commercial Arbitration: Law & Practice, and International Commercial Arbitration. Sydney is a frequent presenter at CPD Seminars, some of which are linked below. Prior to being called to the Bar, Sydney was a solicitor in the Construction Divisions of Minter Ellison Morris Fletcher (now Minter Ellison) and Deacon Graham & James (now Norton Rose Fulbright). To brief Sydney, please contact him on (02) 9232 7658 or via email: sjacobsassistant@13wentworth.com.au Sydney appears before the Supreme and Federal Courts, NCAT and has represented clients in the Industrial Relations Commission, Crime Commission and the Independent Commission Against Corruption as well as at technical references, arbitrations and mediations. Sydney’s experience in Easement matters includes: Acting as mediator. Applications to restrain servient owners from obstructing the use of an easement. Applications to be granted easements e.g. access/carriageway/services under Sec 88k of the Conveyancing Act NSW Applications for declaratory relief in respect of easement rights. Whether easements have become obsolete or have been abandoned (Sec 89 CA). Whether covenants have been overridden by planning instruments. Issues pertaining to both common law and Torrens title. Whether a legal practitioner has been negligent by not giving advice in the context of the purchase of land, that there was no easement securing the right of the purchaser to retain a particular utility in place. Whether there is an equitable easement, or easement by estoppel, to maintain in situ valuable signage and services. Construction of development consents which make provision for easements, including deferred commencement conditions. Comparing strategies under Sec 88k Conveyancing Act / Access to Neighbouring Land Act /Encroachment of Buildings Act. [/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Areas of Practice Appellate Building & Construction Law Commercial Law Corporations Law Easements and Covenants Equity & Trusts Inquests, Inquiries & Royal Commissions Intellectual Property Local Government, Planning & Environmental Law Mediation Mediators Real Property Law Retail and Commercial Leasing Trade Practices & Competition [/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Qualifications Accredited Mediator, National Mediation Accreditation System (NMAS), 2018 BarADR Approved Arbitrator & Expert Determiner, 2017 Higher Diploma in Company Law: University of Witwatersrand, South Africa, 1990 Master of Laws: University of Cambridge, UK, 1986 Bachelor of Laws: University of Cape Town, South Africa, 1984 Bachelor of Arts: University of Cape Town, South Africa, 1982 [/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Professional experience 1997 – Present:  Barrister, 13 Wentworth Chambers 1995 – 1997:       Senior Associate, Deacons Graham & James (now Norton Rose Fulbright) – Construction Department 1994 – 1995:       Solicitor, Levingstons – Commercial Litigation and Maritime Law Department 1991 – 1994:        Solicitor, Minter Ellison Morris Fletcher – Construction Department Academia Sydney is a former part-time lecturer on the topic of Damages and Equitable Remedies, as part of the Master of Laws Program at the University of Technology, Sydney[/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Membership NSW Bar Association Australian Bar Association Resolution Institute[/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Selected Cases [N.B. Easement/Covenant cases and advices are marked with **] Some of the matters in which Sydney has appeared or advised are as follows. Those which are unnamed are either current or were subject to settlement and hence limited details can be provided: 2022 NSW District Court Proceedings No. 2021/297944 – Alleged trespass by television crew and consequent alleged publication of material filmed whilst on premises. Claim for damages for loss of reputation [ongoing proceedings]. Easements and Covenants – various advices including:** (i)     Advising a developer whose land is burdened by an easement for carriageway as to what construction they can carry out on their land, having regard to the easement. (ii)   Advising as to whether there can be a passing bay on a right of carriageway. (iii) Considering whether there is an existing easement by virtue of adverse possession. Alternatively, whether an easement can be obtained under section 88K Conveyancing Act. (iv) Advising as to whether a servient owner in respect of a right of carriageway has obstructed use by placing objects etc. across it. (v)  Advising in a number of matters where the full width of the easement is not available for practical use and considering whether the servient owner can be compelled to provide wider access. (vi) Advising as to whether the overland flow of water constitutes an actionable nuisance and as to a notice of intention are to issue a Development Control Order in that regard. 2021 • NSW District Court Proceedings No. 2020/206191 – Mediation – Appointed as mediator in relation to professional negligence claim against mortgage broker etc. • NSW Supreme Court Equity Division, Real Property List Proceedings No. 2021/268328 – Application for a statutory easement under section 88K Conveyancing Act.** • NSW Supreme Court Equity Division Proceedings No. 2020/365402 – Ianni Family Pty Ltd v Bell and Dzubiel – Application for an easement under section 88K Conveyancing Act (NSW).** • NSW Supreme Court Proceedings No. 2020/44220 – Johnstons v Page –concerned whether an easement for right of way ought to be extinguished or amended.** • Land and Environment Court No. 2021/95074 – Korlevic and Ors v Tynan – Class 3 Proceedings, under the Encroachment of Buildings Act 1922, seeking an easement in respect of part of a building constructed on neighbouring land.** • NSW District Court Proceedings No. 2020/208291 – Alliance Motor Auctions Pty Limited v Friendlee Autos Pty Ltd & Lee William Friend – Action for monies owing by reason of sale of chattels. Defence based on estoppel. • G v L – Application to the Registrar General regarding the removal by him of an easement and seeking that he exercises his powers of review so that the easement may be reinstated (as the matter is not in the public domain, names of the parties are confidential).** • NSWSC Proceedings No. 2021/108534 – Di Maria v Di Maria – Application for appointment of a trustee for sale pursuant to Sec 66G Conveyancing Act. • NSW District Court Proceedings 2021/177896 – Claim for damages for trespass by crane swing; and associated application for an Access order under the Access to Neighbouring Land Act, in Local Court Proceedings 2021/159495. • NSWDC Proceedings 2021/135191 – Claim by builder for variations alternatively upon a quantum meruit/restitution for unjust enrichment. Easements and Covenants – various advices covering: ** (i) – the true construction of a covenant contained within an easement and whether the consent of the dominant owner can be capriciously withheld. (ii) Sec 88 K Conveyancing Act – whether easement reasonably necessary. (iii) Easement by long user / prescription & the differing principles relevant to Torrens and Old System / Common Law title. (iv) where dominant land consolidated with other land • NSWSC Proceedings No. 2020/321959 - Mediator – mediate multi-party dispute concerning an easement for carriage way, benefiting commercial premises. ** • NSWSC Proceedings No. 2020/44220 – ongoing matter as to whether a right of way ought be extinguished under Sec 89 Conveyancing Act. ** • Advice as to construction of easements for jetty access. ** • Settle application in NSWSC for easement for encroachment. ** • Advise developer about easement for passing bay. ** • Advice as to construction of a right of way allowing gates to be constructed. ** 2020 • Development of new suburb in a capital city: advise developer as to the true construction of development consents stipulating for the provision of easements. ** • DCNSW Proceedings 2020/208291 – Dispute as to whether moneys owing for sale of certain chattels; defence based on estoppel. • Proceedings in the SC of NSW and the ACT: Appeared at mediation of a NSW Supreme Court dispute between partners involved in a construction company; drafted pleadings that one party had become the agent for sale of the shares of the other, owed fiduciary duties and breached them. Claim by one party to an equitable interest in a property purchased by the other and used in the business - Successfully mediated before final hearing. • NSWSC proceedings [No. 2019/316427] against a director of a company in liquidation. Settled pleadings and affidavits as to breaches of director’s duties including uncommercial transactions – successfully mediated before final hearing. • Submissions to the Registrar General on behalf of dominant owner of property, which benefited from an easement for access over neighbour; Successfully opposing an application for removal of the easement by reason of abandonment. Neighbours / servient owner made administrative application that the easement be removed from the register on the basis of obsolescence/abandonment. ** Easements and Covenants – various advices covering: ** (i)   Whether the owners of the servient land, over which there was an easement in gross for drainage of water, were entitled to develop their land above that drainage easement and if so, at what height. (ii)  Advice as to the true construction of an easement for access benefitting substantial rural property. ** (iii) Advice on whether an easement for access to a substantial estate could be removed on Sec 89 Conveyancing Act grounds e.g. obsolescence. ** (iv) Draft pleadings in a NSWSC claiming that there is an easement by estoppel in respect of substantial adjoining properties, alternatively, a claim for an easement for carriageway pursuant to Sec 88 K Conveyancing Act. ** (v) Advise owner of servient property, over which runs an easement for access, canvassing whether the easement could be removed pursuant to Sec 89 Conveyancing Act by reason of abandonment; and if not, what rights the dominant and servient owners enjoy e.g. as to re-forming its surface; its daily use and what would constitute actionable interference/ nuisance. ** (vi) Advise owners of a shopping centre, in circumstances where an easement benefitting the land is to be resumed. ** Prior to 2020 • Turvey v Crotti (No. 2) [2019] NSWSC 399 – As lead counsel for Turvey- Costs – Costs on an indemnity basis – whether case unduly prolonged by groundless contentions – offers of compromise – whether maximum sum of costs should be specified. – Successful – Significant Costs ordered. ** • Maphaven Pty Ltd Pty Ltd v The Owners –Strata Plan No 48887 [2019] NSWNCAT – Strata schemes – strata levies – what is the obligation (if any) of a lot holder to make contribution to insurance premiums over and above ordinary levies – change to the use of the leased premises (carpet shop to bespoke tattoo artist) – what impact (if any) did this have on insurance premiums of the strata schemes ? – meaning of consent in Sec 82 (2) Strata Schemes Management Act 2015 – Orders made under Sec 241 of the SSMA –costs awarded to applicant – no part of the costs incurred by the respondent to be levied against the Applicant. • Australian Commercial Marketing v Gold [2018] NSWSC 1701 – Land Law – Occupation of commercial premises – lease / licence – option in licence exercised orally for part of premises, so as to allow the Defendant to remain for a further three years; and other related issues including severance of part of agreement relating to determining rental in the option period that is void for vagueness. • S v A [2018] – Ex Parte Freezing order for close to $900,000 for real estate agent’s commission. • Turvey v Crotti [2018] NSWSC 1959 – As lead counsel for Turvey-Easements – for right of way – old system sub-division – nuisance – defendant obstructed the plaintiff’s ability to excercise the right of way over an access road appurtenant to her property. There was a subdivision of a large estate in the 1800s where the transfers to the original purchasers included the rights to pass and repass on the roads shown in the original plan of subdivision. At least one of these easements was omitted to be registered in a transfer in the 1900s where the land was qualified title, and the Registrar General then used his powers under s 42 Real Property Act 1900 (NSW) to register the...

[vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Joshua Wyner Areas of Practice Banking & Financial Services Bankruptcy & Insolvency Building & Construction Law Class Actions Commercial Law Corporations Law Easements & Covenants Equity & Trusts Local Government, Planning & Environmental Law Real Property Law Trade Practices & Competition [/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Qualifications Graduate Diploma of Corporate Governance, Governance Institute of Australia, 2005 Graduate Certificate in Legal Practice, University of Technology, Sydney, 2001 Bachelor of Laws, University of Technology, Sydney, 2001 Bachelor of Business with Distinction, University of Technology, Sydney, 2001[/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Professional experience Minter Ellison – Senior Associate, Dispute Resolution / Insurance and Corporate Disputes, July 2010 to January 2017 Minter Ellison – Senior Associate, Financial Services, January 2009 to June 2010 Minter Ellison – Lawyer, Financial Services, December 2007 to December 2008 Macquarie Bank Limited – Company Secretarial Division, September 2002 – November 2007 Macquarie Bank Limited – Corporate Reporting, Financial Operations Division, 2001 – 2002[/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Membership NSW Bar Association Governance Institute of Australia [/vc_column_text][vc_separator type="normal" color="#000000" up="30" down="30"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation="" row_type="row" use_row_as_full_screen_section="no" type="full_width" angled_section="no" text_align="left" background_image_as_pattern="without_pattern"][vc_column][vc_column_text] Publications Available for Download Possession of Land to Give Effect to Contract of Sale for Unpaid Rates and Charges: Armidale Regional Council v Vorhauer (No 2) [2020] NSWSC 56 When is a Franchise Agreement not a Franchise Agreement[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]...

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