NSWCA Archives - 13wentworthselbornechambers
182
archive,category,category-nswca,category-182,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,,qode-child-theme-ver-1.0.0,qode-theme-ver-16.8,qode-theme-bridge,disabled_footer_top,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-5.5.2,vc_responsive
 

NSWCA

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – separate determination of questions – formulation of questions – primary judge’s discretion miscarried because of error in relation to expected length of hearing of separate question – need for re-exercise of discretion – claim in professional negligence and for statutory breaches in relation to valuation of property for mortgage valuation purposes – limitation defence raised – whether separate question should be ordered in respect of limitation defence – where question essentially one of law and capable of resolving dispute if answered favourably to defendant – consideration of length and cost of any hearing of separate question relative to length of hearing and cost of full trial ...

Catchwords: APPEALS – actual or apprehended bias – unfavourable comments at pre-trial hearing – whether primary judge dissuadable from alleged fixed opinion – criticism of legal representatives – whether justified – whether indicative of bias SUCCESSION – family provision – claim by adult son – where deceased remarried – where deceased left entire estate to family from second marriage – deceased’s moral obligation to widow – discussion of role of freedom of testamentary disposition in family provision claims ...

Catchwords: APPEALS – time for appeal – notice of intention to appeal filed and served – successful defendant sought orders limiting time within which appeal could be commenced – whether Court of Appeal had jurisdiction and power to make such an order – whether such an order should be made – application refused ...

Catchwords: REAL PROPERTY – Conveyancing Act 1919 s 88K – Easements – “Reasonably necessary” – where terms imposed on and limiting re use said to be uncertain in their practical operation – where terms in effect required use of alternative means of access in circumstances that were not readily capable of being assessed – where terms in substance required an alternative access route to be used in particular circumstances but where that alternative route would involve traversing property in breach of Crown Land Management Act 2016 ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – interlocutory relief – relief sought pending delivery of reserved judgment of Court of Appeal – applicant claimed equitable interest in land – claim dismissed at first instance, with orders that caveats be removed – no application for a stay – appeal heard expeditiously – in meantime, respondent sought to sell the land – contract for sale of land entered into – purchaser aware of applicant’s claimed equitable interest in the land – application for leave to lodge further caveat, and for injunction against purchaser, refused ...

Catchwords: APPEAL AND REVIEW – application for leave to appeal – amount in issue below threshold – whether alleged error more than merely arguable – whether issue of principle or public importance – likely disproportion between the costs of an appeal and amount in issue GUARANTEE AND INDEMNITY — novation of uncompleted contract for sale of part of land when whole land sold to third party – third party required to indemnify vendor for claims arising “as a result” of the first contract – legal costs incurred by vendor because of his failure to execute deed of novation – whether indemnity covered vendor’s legal costs ...

Catchwords: INSURANCE – double insurance – contribution between insurers – “other insurance” clauses – one policy contained an “excess” clause and the other an “escape” clause – whether there was double insurance on proper construction of policies – whether rule in Weddell v Road Transport and General Insurance [1932] 2 KB 563 applied ...

Catchwords: CRIME – dealing with money suspected of being proceeds of crime – restraining order on property – Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (Cth), s 44 – where applicants purchased real property using money alleged to be proceeds of crime – restraining order under s 19 made in respect of the property – applicants apply under s 44 for exclusion of the property from the restraining order upon their undertaking to use their best endeavours to obtain money from a particular bank account and pay it to the liquidator of the company from which they had received the alleged proceeds of crime – that bank account given “post credits only” status by bank – the application for the loan facility under which the money in the account was obtained from the bank was shown to contain material misstatements – no evidence from the applicants establishing that the bank would allow drawing on the account – whether primary judge erred in finding the undertaking not satisfactory and in refusing to make s 44 excluding order ...

Catchwords: COSTS – Order for payment of professional costs under Criminal Procedure Act 1986 (NSW), s 213 to be “just and reasonable” – Order for costs under Crimes (Appeal and Review) Act 2001 (NSW), s 28 to be “just” PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS – Primary judge failed to inform applicant that summary nature of the proceedings and fact that a party is not entitled to recover all of its costs would be taken into account – Whether this constitutes denial of procedural fairness JUDICIAL REVIEW – Whether exercise of discretion by primary judge to reduce costs by 30% constituted jurisdictional error – Whether any difference between “fair and reasonable” and “just and reasonable” – Whether primary judge addressed wrong question such that jurisdiction conferred by the provision was not properly exercised ...

Catchwords: CONTRACTS – performance – discharge by performance – valid termination of cleaning services contract – express term prohibiting use of unauthorised subcontracted labour – where unauthorised subcontractors undertook 90 per cent of cleaning services – whether cleaning obligation could be performed vicariously – consideration of personal contracts – no claim for quantum meruit ...

Catchwords: SUCCESSION – Whether the Court should make an order under the Succession Act 2006 (NSW) for a statutory will to be made on behalf of the fourth respondent – Whether a will in accordance with the Summary Reasons is, or is reasonably likely to be, a will that would have been made by the fourth respondent if she had testamentary capacity – Whether it is appropriate for an order authorising such a will to be made – Whether the standard of review is met for the Court to re-exercise the jurisdiction conferred by s 18 of the Succession Act 2006 (NSW) ...

Catchwords: TORTS – Whether the Club breached the duty of care it owed to the Worker as an employee of the Club – Whether reasonable care on the part of the Club required that it install concrete pads upon which to place rubbish bins. APPEALS – whether leave should be granted to raise an argument by notice of contention that was not advanced on the pleadings and was not put to witnesses at trial who could have met the argument with evidence. ...

Catchwords: PROCEDURE – Client sought leave to file an amended summons by way of appeal from decisions of the Costs Review Panel – Matter struck out or dismissed by primary judge – Primary judge refused to exercise discretion to set aside orders made by the Costs Appeal Panel JUDICIAL REVIEW – Whether primary judge’s refusal to exercise discretion to grant leave to file the amended appeal summons constitutes jurisdictional error ...

Catchwords: TORTS — negligence — labourer fell from raised wet plywood platform — whether expert evidence necessary to support finding that surface was slippery — whether primary judge erred in assessment of evidence and consequent factual findings — contributory negligence — whether worker contributorily negligent in following employer’s direction to work on wet platform DAMAGES — assessment of damages for economic loss — whether evidence supported finding of residual earning capacity — application of principles in Malec v J C Hutton Pty Ltd (1990) 169 CLR 638; [1990] HCA 20 ...

Catchwords: COSTS – party/party – exceptions to general rule that costs follow the event – Land and Environment Court – Class 3 compensation proceedings – where UCPR r 42.1 does not apply and offer of compromise rejected and judgment obtained for less than amount of offer – application of UCPR r 42.15(2) – principles relevant to exercise of discretion to “order otherwise” – whether primary judge erred in applying those principles ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING – Land and Environment Court – practice and procedure – costs –Class 3 compensation proceedings – where presumption that costs follow the event does not apply – whether primary judge erred in applying UCPR r 42.15 ...

Catchwords: APPEALS – civil procedure – summary disposal – dismissal of proceedings – no reasonable cause of action disclosed – whether trial judge erred in dismissing proceedings – whether instituting criminal proceedings to vex the accused is within the lawful scope of the criminal process – non-publication order – Court Suppression and Non-Publication Orders Act 1998 (NSW) – whether order an interim order TORTS – tort of collateral abuse of process – distinguished from abuse of process justifying a stay of proceedings – elements of the tort ...

Catchwords: LAND LAW – Compulsory acquisition of land – Compensation – Objection to amount of compensation APPEALS – Right of appeal conferred by s 57 of the Land and Environment Court Act 1979 (NSW) limited to questions of law – Whether adjustments made by primary judge when considering comparable sale constitute errors of law – Whether primary judge erred in concluding acquisition of appellants’ land was for a purpose intrinsically connected with the draft Parramatta Road Urban Transformation Strategy (PRUTS) – Whether primary judge erred in disregarding prospect of rezoning the appellants’ land apart from the draft PRUTS APPEALS – General principles – Admission of fresh evidence ...

Catchwords: LEASES AND TENANCIES – application for leave to appeal – where residential premises uninhabitable – where tenant refused landlord access to carry out repairs – where tenant given notice of termination under Residential Tenancies Act 2010 (NSW), s 109 – where Civil and Administrative Tribunal made orders terminating tenancy agreement and for vacant possession – where tenant appealed to Appeal Panel – where Appeal Panel refused tenant’s adjournment application and dismissed appeal – where tenant applied for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court – where primary judge summarily dismissed proceeding due to “negligible prospects of success” – no question of principle ...

Catchwords: ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING – building control – council consent and approval – whether the Council’s processes in determining whether to amend a Local Environmental Plan are of a political and policy nature only, precluding the Land and Environment Court from intervening – whether there was a reasonable apprehension of bias that should preclude the Council from proceeding with the Planning Proposal for the amendment of the Local Environmental Plan APPEALS – whether the primary judge demonstrated any error in failing to make an order requiring the Council to withdraw the Planning Proposal for the amendment of the Local Environmental Plan – whether the proceedings in the Land and Environment Court have been the subject of final disposition ...

Catchwords: APPEALS – applications for leave to appeal from personal costs orders against lawyers – whether necessary for Lawcover to be joined to the proceedings for the purposes of having the summonses seeking leave to appeal dismissed – where Lawcover had determined that it would not appeal the personal costs orders – where the Court had held that Lawcover was contractually entitled so to conclude – where applicants were permanently restrained from taking any steps to conduct or prosecute an appeal – where applicants have frustrated Lawcover’s reasonable and proper attempts to bring the applications to an end – Lawcover joined – summonses seeking leave to appeal dismissed ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – Misleading or deceptive conduct – accessorial liability – representation as to future conduct – determination of liability where applicant held liable for causes of action not pleaded against him – whether failure to accept offer of insurance was a failure to mitigate loss – apportionment of liability – variation of costs orders – joint and several liability ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – effect of grant of “liberty to apply” – whether costs order final – time limit for applying to vary a final order – dispensing with filing of notice of motion under s 14 Civil Procedure Act COSTS – offer of compromise – whether judgment “no more favourable” than offer – when order “otherwise” appropriate ...

Catchwords: LAND LAW – compulsory acquisition of land – compensation – where applicants entered into contracts for sale of relevant land – where land compulsorily acquired before settlement of those contracts – where applicants objected to amount of compensation for market value – where applicants’ primary compensation claim for unpaid purchase price as loss attributable to disturbance under Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991 (NSW), s 59(1)(f) – where questions directed to whether applicants entitled to any compensation for that loss determined separately – whether there was “actual use of land” by applicants ...

Catchwords: LEASES AND TENANCIES – Social Housing Tenancy Agreement – Agreement terminated by order of NCAT pursuant to s 91 of Residential Tenancies Act – whether termination would occasion undue hardship to tenant – meaning of undue hardship in context of Residential Tenancies Act – discretion to terminate notwithstanding undue hardship – whether NCAT had regard to hardship in exercise of its discretion – adequacy of reasons for exercising discretion ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – requirement for NCAT to give reasons – adequacy of reasons for making of a discretionary decision to terminate a social housing tenancy agreement – whether NCAT had regard to hardship to the tenant of termination – whether reasons for decision adequately disclosed how hardship was taken into account TRIBUNALS – New South Wales Civil and Administrative Tribunal – required to give reasons – adequacy of reasons – reference to “all of the circumstances of the case” ...

Catchwords: PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS – Vexatious Proceedings Act 2008 (NSW) – where persons the subject of orders made under the Act not heard and not given an opportunity to be heard before orders made – non-compliance with s 8(3) of Vexatious Proceedings Act conceded – whether Court of Appeal should itself entertain application for orders under Vexatious Proceedings Act – not appropriate to do so in the circumstances ...

Catchwords: SUPERANNUATION – accident and sickness insurance – benefits for disablement – where benefits insured under group life policy – benefit for “total and permanent disability” – where insurer declined claim twice – where the insurer’s second decision took into account its first decision – whether insurer took into account irrelevant consideration – whether insurer in breach of its contractual duty – whether insurer acted reasonably and fairly in its consideration of the claim ...

Catchwords: ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – compulsory acquisition of property for the purpose of the construction of a tollway – validity of proposed acquisition notices issued – statutory authority of RMS to acquire land under s 177 of the Roads Act 1993 (NSW) STATUTORY INTERPRETATION – Roads Act 1993 (NSW), s 177 – meaning of “the purposes of this Act” – whether “the purposes of this Act” are confined to the objects described in s 3 of the Act ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – application for leave to appeal from decision granting leave to amend defence – insurance dispute – claim in respect of property damaged by fire – belated application by insurer to plead arson – no reference in primary judgment to part 6 of Civil Procedure Act – whether primary judge erred in failing to have regard to presumptive prejudice – whether primary judge erred in his approach to the defendant’s explanation for the delay in bringing the application ...

Catchwords: TORTS – negligence – negligent battery – plaintiff’s thumb injured by police officer closing door while plaintiff held in cell – negligent battery – no intention to cause injury – application of Civil Liability Act 2002 (NSW) – onus of proof – whether police officer should have taken precautions – whether damages should be reduced due to plaintiff’s intoxication – quantum of damages ...

Catchwords: TAXES AND DUTIES – income tax – collection and recovery of tax – where judgment given in favour of Commissioner for recovery of income tax, penalties and interest charges – where appellant asserts that he was denied “right” to be represented by a person with no legal qualifications – where appellant contends Supreme Court has no authority to determine question of tax debt without his consent – where appellant contends taxation laws do not apply to him without his consent – where appellant asserts debt discharged by delivery of self-described “promissory note” – appeal dismissed – no question of principle ...

Catchwords: NEGLIGENCE – motor vehicle accident – occupants of vehicle participants in joint criminal enterprise to obtain illicit drugs – whether driver owed duty of care to passenger – whether Civil Liability Act 2002 (NSW), s 54 displaced principles in Miller v Miller (2011) 242 CLR 446; [2011] HCA 9 – whether statutory purpose of criminal laws incongruous with driver owing passenger a duty of care – whether passenger complicit in driver’s offences – whether primary judge’s assessment of contributory negligence erroneous ...

Catchwords: SUCCESSION – testamentary capacity – weight to be given to conclusory expert medical evidence on the legal issue of whether deceased had testamentary capacity – weight to be given to solicitor’s evidence of practice concerning clients’ execution of wills EVIDENCE – weight to be given to solicitor’s evidence of practice concerning clients’ execution of wills – Connor v Blacktown District Hospital [1971] 1 NSWLR 713 and other authorities referred to ...

Catchwords: ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – jurisdictional facts – whether conditions of project approval specified objective criteria, satisfaction of which was a precondition to the exercise of the decision-maker’s powers ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – unreasonableness – whether decision-maker’s satisfaction with a mining strategy was legally unreasonable – whether decision-maker’s view was at least arguable CIVIL PROCEDURE – Court of Appeal – whether leave to appeal required against costs order where there is an appeal as of right against the substantive orders made at first instance - s 58(3)(c) Land and Environment Court Act 1979 (NSW) COSTS – administrative law – whether decision-maker entitled to costs when appears to advance arguments in proceedings between two well-represented litigants – Hardiman (1981) 144 CLR 13; [1980] HCA 13 considered ...

Catchwords: CONTRACT – formation of contract – partnership or joint venture – oral agreement alleged – development of land – alleged promise to pay 20% of profits – delay in making claim and bringing proceedings – claim of equitable fraud depending on existence of agreement – relevance of later conduct EVIDENCE – adverse inference drawn from failure to call witness – absence of witness not explained – whether corroborative evidence admissible – whether evidence available for other purposes ...

Catchwords: LOCAL GOVERNMENT — powers, functions and duties — power of mayor and council to expel councillor for “act of disorder” — whether describing mayor as “clown” during meeting an “act of disorder” — whether power of expulsion validly exercised — whether dispute suitable for adjudication by Land and Environment Court WORDS AND PHRASES — “act of disorder” — Local Government (General) Regulation 2005, r 256 ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – appeal from determination of separate questions – where concession in agreed facts as to causation of loss suffered by claimant against the insureds – whether primary judge erred in attaching significance to appellant’s concession when deciding construction of contract of insurance CONTRACTS – construction – proper construction of a contract of insurance – professional indemnity policy for property valuer – contract comprised in standard policy wording, schedule and endorsements – where exclusion clause in endorsement for valuations undertaken for specified category of lenders – where literal or grammatical meaning must be evaluated against the text, context and purpose of the contract – whether ambiguity arising from requisite causal nexus between subject matter of the exclusion clause and the loss – business commonsense approach to construction – exclusion clause to be interpreted according to its natural and ordinary meaning – where absence of ambiguity precludes recourse to the contra proferentem rule – whether insurer entitled to deny indemnity and refuse to pay defence costs JUDGMENTS AND ORDERS – court’s powers – hypothetical questions – utility of declaration as to insurer’s liability to indemnify in absence of determination of insured’s liability to claimant – form of declaration – whether too wide – whether negative declaration appropriate ...

Catchwords: LEASES AND TENANCIES – whether the parties entered into a binding and enforceable agreement for lease of the Premises in the terms of the 15 June Document – significance to be attached to the Heads of Agreement as constituting a binding document – whether language used in correspondence of 27 and 31 May 2016 signifies that a reasonable person in the position of the parties would understand the communication as giving rise to a binding and enforceable contract – significance of marking correspondence as “without prejudice”. APPEAL – whether it was unnecessary to determine whether the Heads of Agreement were binding – whether the parties did not intended to replace the Heads of Agreement and be bound by the 15 June Document until execution and exchange of a formal lease document – whether the law of part performance applied to the question of whether the parties intended to be bound by the 15 June Document – whether the parties conducted themselves in a manner consistent with the 15 June Document, a monthly tenancy or a statutory lease under the Retail Leases Act 1994 (NSW). ...

Catchwords: EQUITY – fiduciary duties – whether fiduciary duties owed by a solicitor during negotiations for and steps taken to establish a solicitor/client relationship – breach – whether client gave fully informed consent to enter into agreements with solicitor – whether advice “independent” and “meaningful” CIVIL LIABILITY – Civil Liability Act 2002 – defences of contributory negligence and proportionate liability not available in answer to claim for breach of fiduciary duties – claim arising “from a failure to take reasonable care” requires absence of reasonable care to be an element of the cause of action ...

Catchwords: MOTOR ACCIDENTS – where collision between two vehicles – where plaintiff injured and sought compensation under Motor Accidents Compensation Act 1999 (NSW) – whether plaintiff’s car parked kerbside or executing a U-turn or right turn at time of collision – where primary judge found plaintiff’s car was performing a U-turn or right turn at time of collision – no error in fact finding by primary judge ...

Catchwords: CHILD WELFARE – parental responsibility allocated to Minister – final orders in Children’s Court – appeal to District Court – whether jurisdictional error or error of law on the face of the record of District Court –procedural unfairness – failure to tender evidence – relevant considerations CIVIL PROCEDURE – parties – supervisory jurisdiction – children as necessary parties – representation – role of representative ...

Catchwords: CONTRACTS – Construction – Interpretation – determination of market rent by an expert valuer – construction of provision of sub-lease requiring the valuer to “have regard to” certain matters in determining the market rent for a sub-lease of premises located at King Street Wharf, Sydney – interpretation of requirement to “have regard to” “comparable premises in the vicinity of the Premises” – whether matters listed exhaustive – meaning of “have regard to” VALUATION – expert determination – whether the trial judge erred in finding that the valuer did not have regard to market rents in the manner prescribed by the sub-lease – whether the trial judge erred in finding that the determination of market rent by the valuer was not binding on the appellant and the respondent as parties to the sub-lease – whether the valuer erroneously had regard to the physical configuration of the premises or tenant’s property – appeal dismissed with costs VALUATION – nature of valuation – meaning of “acting as an expert and not as an arbitrator” ...

Catchwords: PRACTICE – application for adjournment of hearing of leave application – application to quash guilty pleas entered in Local Court and confirmed by District Court – application to single Judge of Appeal to quash decision of District Court in civil proceedings – absence of jurisdiction – application dismissed ...

Catchwords: ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – Motor Accidents Compensation Act 1999 (NSW) medical review panel – assessment of degree of permanent impairment – application for judicial review – whether jurisdictional error – whether failure to address an argument properly before review panel – whether denial of procedural fairness – whether review panel directed attention to wrong question – whether error of law on the face of the record – whether review panel’s assessment based on findings of fact for which there was no evidence – scope of error of law on the face of the record ...

Catchwords: TORTS – negligence – road accident – liability of defendant – defendant completing a right-hand turn across double on-coming lanes – visibility of plaintiff’s motorcycle blocked by car in front – plaintiff sought to overtake car at a high speed on inside lane – collided with defendant – whether defendant negligent in failing to slow down or stop – reasonableness of precautions against unseen vehicles travelling at high speeds – expectation that road users will take reasonable care for their own safety EXPERT EVIDENCE – negligence – calculation of speed – CCTV footage of accident – failure to assess weight of expert evidence – confirmatory report not taken into account ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – amendment and joinder application – said to be unarguable because certain claims assigned and said to be invalid – where not all claims by all plaintiffs were assigned claims – where proceedings against defendant would continue in any event – importance of principle in Wickstead v Browne – where area of law and public policy underpinnings of principle sought to be invoked fluid – not appropriate to be determined on a summary basis PERSONAL PROPERTY – assignment of choses in action – prohibition on assignment of bare chose in action – nature of principle stated in Trendtex Trading Corporation v Credit Suisse [1982] AC 679 and adopted in Equuscorp Pty Ltd v Haxton (2012) 246 CLR 498; [2012] HCA 7 – whether test of what rights are to be regarded as incidental to property rights has been modified PERSONAL PROPERTY – public policy against assignment of bare chose in action – underlying basis of public policy – maintenance and champerty – whether public policy fluid – where underlying public policy justification for principle capable of being challenged – inappropriate to be dealt with on a summary basis ...

Catchwords: JUDGMENTS AND ORDERS – Court of Appeal – third application to set aside vexatious proceedings order – where applicant seeks to re-agitate matters already decided in judicial review proceedings – no new matter raised – where Court may decline to consider the application – Vexatious Proceedings Act 2008 (NSW), s 9(4) ...

Catchwords: LAND LAW – Torrens system – claim for compensation from Torrens Assurance Fund – claimant had interest as equitable mortgagee – caveat lodged – caveat withdrawn following lodgement of fraudulent withdrawal of caveat form – transfer of title to new registered proprietor – claimant alleged that loss was suffered as a result of dealings because claimant forced to sell another property – claimant failed to establish that dealings were a cause of need to sell property – no entitlement to compensation under s 129 of Real Property Act 1900 (NSW) ...

Catchwords: PROBATE – contested grant – suspicious circumstances – whether proponent of will had discharged onus – will left whole estate to propounder – solicitor who explained and witnessed will believed propounder was testatrix's only daughter and next of kin – solicitor's erroneous beliefs caused by lies by those benefitting under will – inability to rely on solicitor's evidence to discharge onus – requirement to consider entirety of suspicious circumstances – appeal allowed and earlier will admitted to probate – consideration of merits of approach in Gill v Woodall [2011] Ch 380; [2010] EWCA Civ 1430 SUCCESSION – application for provision – dependency – factors warranting – whether primary judge erred in failing to find nephew dependent on deceased – dependency conceded at trial – whether primary judge erred in failing to find primary facts on financial position and need ...

Catchwords: DEFAMATION – defences – contextual truth – amendment by plaintiff to adopt contextual imputations – whether primary judge ought to have inferred that the amendment was not brought in good faith or was an abuse of process APPEAL – practice and procedure – decision by primary judge to allow amendment – particular caution to be exercised by appellate courts ...

Catchwords: LANDLORD AND TENANT— application for leave to appeal against summary dismissal of statement of claim — where merits of various complaints as to habitability of premises and identity of landlord addressed by New South Wales Civil and Administrative Tribunal — where statement of claim reformulates many of these claims — whether landlord’s failure to provide approval or occupation certificate entitles tenant to refund of rent — whether allegations precluded by issue estoppel — no issue of principle or general importance — application for leave to appeal dismissed ...

Catchwords: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE – judicial review – offender convicted and sentenced to imprisonment – challenge to issue of warrants of commitment – custodial sentence stayed pending judicial review – Court of Appeal order that warrants be amended – further judicial review of “decision” to amend warrants CIVIL PROCEDURE – judicial review – orders in nature of certiorari – dismissal of proceedings – frivolous or vexatious – amendment of warrants not reviewable – rights affected by final order of court, not by steps taken to implement order PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE – judicial review – stay of execution of custodial sentence – whether stay provided in Supreme Court Act 1970 (NSW), s 69C engaged ...

Catchwords: INSURANCE – civil liability insurance policy – indemnity in respect of claims made against insured – whether single or multiple retentions applicable – Federal Court representative proceeding against insured – whether single or multiple claims against insured – effect of aggregation/disaggregation of claims clause – whether multiple claims arose out of a series of related wrongful acts ...

Catchwords: APPEALS – application for leave to appeal – notice of intention to appeal – delay in filing application for leave to appeal in context of ongoing proceedings – absence of compelling explanation for delay in exercising appeal rights in circumstances where a trial in the District Court had been set down for hearing – expedition in applications for leave to appeal in relation to ongoing proceedings CIVIL PROCEDURE – pleadings – particulars – further and better – “back and forth” of requests for particulars and answers or non-answers persisted over the course of a year – obligation of practitioners to facilitate overriding purpose of Civil Procedure Act 2005 (NSW) in the making and answering of such requests COSTS – exceptions to general rule that costs follow the event – application for permanent stay of proceedings – delay in bringing application for permanent stay of proceedings – delay in seeking leave to appeal the refusal of a stay – failure to seek expedition in application for leave to appeal in respect of ongoing proceedings ...

Catchwords: LEAVE TO APPEAL – whether the issues raised in the applicant’s statement of claim amounted to a re-litigation of issues dealt with in the earlier proceedings – whether the applicant’s allegation that the Official Trustee had acted in fraudulent disregard of its duty as trustee had no prospects of success – applicant’s failure to identify property said to be subject of the constructive trust binding the Official Trustee. ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – Uniform Civil Procedure Rules r 36.16 – where orders dispositive of appeal have been made – where applicants seek orders setting aside judgment and allowing the appeals – whether asserted error in judgment readily identifiable, readily rectifiable or inadvertent ...

Catchwords: CONTRACTS – ship construction – interpretation –contract to come into effect on the earlier of the date set out in a clause and the date on which the parties reached agreement on a particular matter – whether reaching agreement a condition precedent to contract coming into effect – where clause referred to two dates – later date was date on which one party acquired a right to terminate if agreement not reached – whether earlier or later date relevant date for commencement CONTRACTS – termination – purported termination pursuant to contractual right – whether party had elected to affirm the contract – whether right to terminate exercised within a reasonable time – meaning of reasonable time – point at which reasonable time to be assessed – whether any difference between a reasonable time to exercise a right and a reasonable time to perform an obligation – Ballas v Theophilos (No 2) (1957) 98 CLR 193 considered CONTRACTS – ship construction – interpretation –parties entered into an original contract and later into a second contract – where original contract entitled one party to liquidated damages – where second contract contained a release clause – whether, if second contract had been validly terminated, the release in the second contract would still be effective – where clause in second contract set “all” fees until a particular date at a certain rate – whether “all” captured fees from commencement of original contract or second contract ...

Catchwords: PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL LAW – Land and Environment Court – jurisdiction – condition of consent provided that music festival must not proceed if Commissioner of Police advised it was unsafe – whether Class 1 appeal lay from Commissioner’s decision – whether decision concerned an aspect of development required to be carried out to the satisfaction of consent authority or any other person – comparison of (former) s 97 and current s 8.7 of Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (NSW) – decision did not fall within s 8.7 ...

Catchwords: ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – judicial review – victim’s compensation claim – primary victim of domestic violence – claim for “severely disabling” psychological disorder – challenge to rejection by delegate – whether the delegate attributed incorrect meaning to “severely disabling” ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – judicial review – expert psychologists designated by Director – assessment of disability by designated expert – whether delegate obliged to follow expert’s assessment absent countervailing evidence – whether delegate’s rejection of assessment manifestly unreasonable APPEAL – leave to appeal – precondition of grant – small amount at stake in individual case – relevance to large number of claims – whether matter of principle or public interest – error identified without setting aside judgment below ...

Catchwords: TORTS — negligence — apportionment of responsibility and damages — primary judge held that appellant vicariously liable for injury and breached duty of care owed to respondent — primary judge found no negligence on part of worker’s employer — whether primary judge erred in finding worker’s employer not in breach of duty and liable in damages to respondent such as to entitle appellant to contribution from employer — whether primary judge erred in assessment of non-economic loss by applying a 10% reduction to percentage of most extreme case to reflect for contingency — whether primary judge’s assessment as to past economic loss supported by evidence — whether primary judge’s estimation of working life of 60 years and application of 20 per cent buffer for vicissitudes sufficient to account for fact that surgery brought about by negligence would have been necessary at some point in future in any event ...

Catchwords: DAMAGES – breach of contract – calculation of economic loss – respondent operated kiosk on premises licensed from appellant – appellant breached licence agreement – no evidence of damages – primary judge used ATO “benchmarks” for restaurant businesses to derive likely lost profits – whether primary judge could take judicial notice of benchmarks – whether benchmarks capable of sustaining damages calculated by primary judge – whether nominal damages should be awarded or the matter remitted TRIAL – procedural fairness – court invited appellant’s counsel to attend to make further submissions on damages after judgment reserved – no response from counsel – invitation repeated by court – appellant’s counsel supplied written submission opposing further hearing – court proceeded to assess damages against appellant without further hearing – whether course adopted by court procedurally unfair ...

Catchwords: FAMILY LAW – children – parental responsibility – parens patriae jurisdiction – child with condition requiring medical intervention – interim care order conferring parental responsibility on Minister – whether summons seeking to set aside interim care order should have been summarily dismissed PROCEDURE – appeal against summary dismissal of summons – plaintiff required to show cause why proceedings should not be dismissed – obligations of the Court to self-represented plaintiff – whether plaintiff had arguable case – appropriate orders on appeal ...

Catchwords: BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION – payment claim under Building and Construction Industry Security of Payment Act 1999 (NSW) – payment schedule – claim related to seven invoices and five sites – email in response proposed a meeting and referred to many emails, photos, back charges and complaints – email said claimant would understand why he couldn’t be paid and that the damages done were more than had been claimed – whether email in response was a payment schedule – whether email indicated reasons for withholding payment within meaning of s 14(3) – no particular site indicated – scope of dispute unable to be determined – court at first instance correct to conclude email not a payment schedule – appeal dismissed ...

Catchwords: DEFAMATION – application to discharge jury – whether plaintiff’s closing address went beyond pleaded case – whether submissions went beyond what had been put to witness in cross-examination – whether rule in Browne v Dunn breached – whether factual error about source of instructions to defendant – whether individual or cumulative effect of matters in closing address warranted discharge of jury DEFAMATION – damages – aggravated damages – whether appellable error in failing to order aggravated damages – relevance of plaintiff’s failure to adduce evidence of hurt from newspapers’ publication of jury’s verdict – relevance of identification of award of damages awarded in respect of each of three defendants’ publications DEFAMATION – statutory qualified privilege – reasonableness – whether publisher’s conduct was reasonable – whether determined by judge or jury – meaning of “general law” – whether Herald & Weekly Times Ltd v Popovic (2003) 9 VR 1; [2003] VSCA 161 clearly wrong – whether reasonableness as element of Lange qualified privilege determined by judge or jury – Defamation Act 2005 (NSW), ss 22, 30 considered ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – civil – challenge to findings of fact – whether trial judge erred in accepting evidence of defendant – resolution of inconsistencies – absence of independent witnesses – plaintiff bore onus of proof – judge entitled to have regard to inherent implausibility of plaintiff’s case TORTS – negligence – liability for motor accident – vehicles travelling in adjoining lanes – liability dependent on whether defendant travelling straight ahead from right turn only lane ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – motion to remove a caveat – urgent fixture of motion – caveat based on claim to life interest – separate question ordered as to existence of life interest – answer to question finally determined substantive issue – whether order for separate question appropriate given urgency of motion CIVIL PROCEDURE – appeal – procedural unfairness – determination of motion to remove caveat did not require final determination of existence of life interest – whether appellant denied opportunity to prove existence of agreement to confer life interest EVIDENCE – further evidence on appeal – need to show possibility of different outcome – application of Supreme Court Act 1970 (NSW), s 75A to evidence of procedural unfairness ...

Catchwords: EVIDENCE – expert evidence – use of psychometric testing – methodology experimental – lack of explanation justifying acceptance of methodology – plaintiff’s medical evidence discounted on basis of tests indicating plaintiff was disingenuous in answering test questions TORTS – battery – plaintiff punched in the face – whether intentional act intended to cause injury – Civil Liability Act 2002 (NSW), s 3B(1)(a) – whether plaintiff grabbing the back of her assailant’s shirt unlawful – whether assailant acted in self-defence under Civil Liability Act, ss 52-53 TORTS – battery – damages – non-economic loss – causation – whether plaintiff suffered psychological injury – pre-attack psychological history – aggravated damages TORTS – battery – damages – exemplary damages – effect of criminal conviction and sentence TORTS – negligence – liability of licensee for battery by third party – whether duty of care owed to patrons outside licensed premises – obligations of licensee under Liquor Act 2007 (NSW) – breach ...

Catchwords: HIGH RISK OFFENDER – application pursuant to the Crimes (High Risk Offenders) Act 2006 (NSW) – interim detention order – whether offender must be in lawful custody when interim detention order made – whether offender must be in lawful custody when an interim detention order is renewed STATUTORY INTERPRETATION – implied limitation on powers of superior court – purposive interpretation not supportive of limitation – effect of earlier precedent inconsistent with implied limitation – subsequent amendments leaving unchanged provisions the subject of earlier judicial determination ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – practice and procedure – appeal from judgement on a review reversing interlocutory decision of Registrar – application of principle of restraint in review of discretionary decision as to practice and procedure PROCEDURE – interrogatories – personal injury claim – defendant’s application to administer interrogatories to plaintiff – rule requiring “special reasons” to make order – defendant seeking information as to possible limitation defence – information wholly within the plaintiff’s knowledge ...

Catchwords: DEFAMATION — defences — substantial truth —Defamation Act 2005 (NSW), s 25 — whether trial judge erred in withdrawing defence of substantial truth — whether sufficient evidence to support a finding of substantial truth — relevance of implausible denials of plaintiff DEFAMATION — defences — substantial truth — contextual truth — justification of some imputations only — relevance of imputations found to be substantially true — discussion of Fairfax Media Publications Pty Ltd v Kermode (2011) 81 NSWLR 157; [2011] NSWCA 174 ...

Catchwords: ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – judicial review – appeal from Children’s Court to District Court – whether error of law on the face of the record or jurisdictional error established – where common ground that applicant not accorded procedural fairness ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – procedural fairness – common ground applicant denied procedural fairness – whether discretionary grounds to refuse relief – whether proceedings should be remitted to the District Court APPEAL – leave to appeal – where statement of claim in District Court struck out for disclosing no reasonable cause of action – discretion to extend time to apply for leave – where no explanation for 29 months delay – whether case is fairly arguable ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – summary disposal – where claim said to be apportionable – dismissal of third-party cross-claim against named concurrent wrongdoer – whether primary judge erred in dismissing cross-claim based on independent causes of action against cross-defendant – consideration of Dymocks Book Arcade Pty Ltd v Capral Ltd [2010] NSWSC 195 ...

Catchwords: LAND LAW – conveyancing – options – call options – construction – notice of exercise of option able to be given to grantor’s conveyancer – whether option validly exercised - whether notice to grantee required that conveyancer no longer retained by grantor – whether requirement that conveyancer be retained at the time of the exercise of the option ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – refusal to allow amendment to challenge testamentary capacity on basis that amendment, if allowed, was doomed to fail – whether primary judge erred in concluding that claim was doomed to fail notwithstanding a finding that there was an arguable case of lack of testamentary capacity established – whether finding that proposed claim was doomed to fail was a discretionary decision or a finding of abuse of process – significance of unique public interest character of probate proceedings – meaning of “acquiescence” – absence of any real prejudice – appropriate conditions to be imposed on amendment SUCCESSION – grant of probate in common form in respect of a will – application to amend cross-claim to challenge grant on basis of lack of testamentary capacity – no caveat lodged – application to amend made at a time when case ready to be allocated a hearing date – relevant considerations – importance to be placed on ascertainment of true intention of the testator – significance of unique public interest character of probate proceedings – reasonably arguable case that testator lacked testamentary capacity at relevant time – whether application, if granted, doomed to fail – whether challenge to testamentary capacity was an abuse of process in the circumstances – consideration of In re Goode (1890) 11 LR(NSW) (Eq) 281 ...

Catchwords: TORTS – negligence – personal injury – respondent tripped on kerb in pedestrian precinct – duty of care to warn pedestrians of height differential – whether risk obvious – whether failure to use yellow highlighting constituted breach of a duty to warn – whether absence of warning causative of harm to person aware of hazard and not looking down ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – leave to appeal – building and construction dispute – appeal from Local Court to Supreme Court on a question of law – primary judge found that respondent not bound by releases and bars to action in the settlement deed – where deed delivered to applicant’s solicitors – where applicant disclaimed deed without executing it – whether injustice to applicant in refusing leave to appeal ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – leave to appeal from costs orders made by the Land and Environment Court – whether leave should be granted under s 58 of the Land and Environment Court Act 1979 (NSW). APPEAL - whether the primary judge applied the correct test for the making of an order under s 99 of the Civil Procedure Act 2005 (NSW) – whether the primary judge based his conclusions on findings that were not open on the evidence – whether there was bias on the part of the primary judge – whether there was a denial of procedural fairness – whether the primary judge erred in considering that he had previously made a relevant finding that there was no evidence of conspiracy. ...