NSWCA

Catchwords: APPEAL - further evidence - special grounds - whether further evidence relevant to appeal confined to question of law - whether further evidence not obtainable with reasonable diligence - Supreme Court Act 1970 (NSW), s 75A(8) WORKERS COMPENSATION - appeal from Workers Compensation Commission constituted by President - appeal confined to question of law - whether President erred in disregarding evidence of psychiatrist - distinction between identifying meaning of expert report and evaluating evidence - whether predisposition to bipolar disorder itself a disease which could be aggravated, accelerated, exacerbated or deteriorated during employment - definition of injury in (former) s 4(b)(ii) of Workers Compensation Act 1987 (NSW), considered ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE ? Court of Appeal ? Leave to appeal ? whether appeal incompetent ? notice of appeal ? application filed out of time ? where no application has been made for an extension of time or explanation given ? no evidence appeal involves matter at issue of value of $100,000 or more DEFAMATION ? whether denial of procedural fairness ? whether conclusions open to be drawn by primary judge in absence of cross-examination ? whether appellant had adequate opportunity to explain his position ? where trial judge did not notify the appellant of her doubts concerning his evidence DEFAMATION ? Defences ? honest opinion ? whether defamatory matter was statement of fact or opinion/comment ? where matters of opinion intermingled with statements of fact ? whether defamatory matter or defamatory meaning as found focus of inquiry DEFAMATION ? Defences ? honest opinion ? whether fairness or honesty of comment must be responsive to the defamatory meaning as found or the defamatory matter ? whether comment or opinion based on proper material DEFAMATION ? Defences ? fair report ? whether defamatory matter a fair report where it is a substantially accurate report in fact ? where not a substantially accurate report of the meaning conveyed by the report DEFAMATION ? Defences ? statutory qualified privilege ? whether failure to seek comment from the appellant was not reasonable ? where Royal Commission proceedings were a matter of public interest ? where evidence of the appellant was ongoing ? where appellant contacted through a conduit and published a statement in same publication as appeared the defamatory matter ...

Catchwords: STATUTORY INTERPRETATION – whether reference to “compensation” in s 134AB(1) of the Accident Compensation Act 1985 (Vic) is a reference to compensation under that Act or to compensation whether or not awarded under the Act or the Act of some other state or territory – expressio unius reasoning inappropriate where dealing with interpretation of a “patchwork” statute. WORKERS COMPENSATION – whether worker who was injured in Victoria but was not entitled to compensation under Victorian workers compensation legislation was nevertheless required to pass through statutory gateways under Victorian legislation when seeking common law damages – where worker had received compensation under NSW workers compensation scheme – whether reference to “compensation” in s 134AB(1) of Accident Compensation Act 1985 (Vic) is a reference to compensation under that Act or to compensation whether awarded under that Act or the Act of some other state or territory. ...

Catchwords: WORKERS COMPENSATION ­– determination of arbitrator – appeal to Deputy President – appeal limited to error of fact, law or discretion – whether Deputy President misunderstood scope of her jurisdiction – Workplace Injury Management and Workers Compensation Act 1998 (NSW), s 352 WORKERS COMPENSATION – entitlement to compensation – deceased worker employed to work at home – deceased killed by co-worker and de-facto partner – attack inspired by his paranoid delusions – delusions related to work and personal relationship – whether evidence of causal link between worker’s employment and harm suffered – evidence of substantial contributing factor – whether Deputy President erred in finding as to evidence – Workplace Injury Management and Workers Compensation Act 1998 (NSW), ss 4 and 9A ...

Catchwords: ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – denial of procedural fairness – whether common law right to procedural fairness excluded by statute – Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (NSW) Sch 5 – legislative intent plain ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING – statutory interpretation – whether carving into cement render of wall constitutes “development” – Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (NSW) s 4.2 – whether development consent obtained ...

Catchwords: JUDICIAL REVIEW – remedies – materiality – review of appeal of costs assessment – incorrect application of repealed statute – application of the correct statute would have led to the same order – whether error jurisdictional – refusal of relief on discretionary grounds COSTS – appeal – cost assessment – costs assessment appeal – repealed Legal Profession Act 2004 (NSW) applied instead of Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Act 2014 (NSW) – effect of savings provisions – Interpretation Act 1987 (NSW), s 30 COSTS – appeal to District Court – indemnity costs ordered – incorrect law relied on by successful party – correct law resulted in same substantive order – costs of successful party WORDS AND PHRASES – “proceeding” – “proceedings to which the costs relate commenced” – Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Regulation 2015 (NSW), cl 59 ...

Catchwords: DEFAMATION – defences – offer to make amends – concerns notice – whether statement of claim a concerns notice – offer to be made within 28 days of receiving concerns notice – no valid offer where made after 28 days – Defamation Act 2005 (NSW), s 14(1) DEFAMATION – defences – offer to make amends – whether made as soon as reasonably practicable after defendant aware that matter might be defamatory –offer made one year after action commenced – Defamation Act 2005 (NSW), s 18(1) JUDGMENT – findings at trial that elements of claims made out – defence relied on by trial judge not available – other pleaded defences not pursued – defendant forwent opportunity to appear at trial – plaintiff entitled to judgment on liability PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE – procedural fairness – bias – actual or apprehended – other proceedings affected – other parties not heard – whether allegations should be resolved ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – Leave to appeal – whether matter at issue amounting to or of the value or involving $100,000 or more – need for party seeking to appeal to demonstrate that jurisdictional threshold satisfied CONSTITUTIONAL LAW – whether Part 3A of Civil and Administrative Tribunal Act 2013 (NSW) unconstitutional – whether, notwithstanding Part 3A, NCAT invested with federal jurisdiction – whether Part 3A entails discrimination contrary to s 117 of the Commonwealth Constitution COURTS AND TRIBUNALS – whether Local Court of New South Wales has jurisdiction to entertain a diversity suit involving publication on the internet of matters alleged to contravene s 49ZS of the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977 (NSW) DISCRIMINATION LAW – whether complaint by a resident of New South Wales against a resident of Queensland referred by President of Anti-Discrimination Board to NCAT could be heard by Local Court of New South Wales ...

Catchwords: LAND LAW — Co-ownership — Resulting trust – whether proceeds from sale of property be distributed in accordance with the legal title – where property held as tenants in common – where unequal contributions by co-owners to acquisition costs– whether arguable that presumption of resulting trust not rebutted LAND LAW — Co-ownership — Statutory trust for sale – whether share of property held on trust for other co-owner – whether arguable defence to an application under s 66G Conveyancing Act 1919 (NSW) for appointment of trustees for sale ...

Catchwords: DEFAMATION – appeals – publication – Facebook – where defamatory posts made on public Facebook page styled “Narri Leaks” – evidence of publication – whether evidence outside particularised case – proof of extent of publication – whether respondent’s wife was acting on behalf of respondent in downloading the posts – whether answers to interrogatories evidence of proof of extent of publication – whether appropriate to draw Jones v Dunkel inference where plaintiff did not give evidence DEFAMATION – appeals – imputations – whether error in finding three imputations were conveyed by fifth matter complained of DEFAMATION – appeals – defences – common law qualified privilege – where posts made on public Facebook page – whether excessive publication – where posts downloaded by people outside Narrabri Shire – whether privileged occasion – whether error in rejecting defence of common law qualified privilege DEFAMATION – appeals – defences – statutory qualified privilege – Defamation Act 2005 (NSW) s 30 – where finding that publication was unreasonable – whether presumption of honesty – significance of failure to contact plaintiff prior to publication DEFAMATION – application for leave to appeal – publication – secondary participant in publication –whether endorsement of defamatory statements – Facebook comments – whether question of principle or of public importance involved – where small amount in issue – whether injustice if refusal of leave ...

Catchwords: TORTS – general principles – vicarious liability – workplace – liability of builder for negligent acts of supervisor on building site – supervisor employed by independent contractor – supervisor under builder’s control – whether employer of supervisor vicariously liable for negligence of supervisor TORTS – negligence – apportionment of responsibility between tortfeasors – both parties occupied parts of building site – liability of head contractor – liability of subcontractor undertaking building work – heavy metal plate covering penetration into underground retention pit removed – replacement with empty pallet – delivery driver injured by fall into pit TORTS – negligence – contributory negligence – injury to driver of truck – delivery of supplies to building site before dawn – driver clearing site of empty pallet – concealed penetration into underground retention pit – Civil Liability Act 2002 (NSW), s 5R TORTS – negligence – employer – duty of corporate alter ego of sole employee to provide safe system of work – business involved delivery of supplies to building sites – assessment of risks at sites not controlled by employer – Civil Liability Act 2002 (NSW), s 5B ...

Catchwords: COSTS – appeals – offers of compromise – where respondent (plaintiff) achieved a result on appeal no less favourable than his rejected offer of compromise – where application of UCPR r 42.14 as modified by r 51.48(1) engaged – where appellant’s rejection of offer unreasonable – where respondent’s “favourable” judgment, measured by reference to that offer, also represented a successful outcome to appellant (defendant) in the appeal – discretion to “order otherwise” in relation to costs of appeal, both before and after making of offer ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – civil – notice of appeal – extension of time to apply for leave to appeal – where notice of appeal filed almost two years after the material date – where government respondent consented to late filing – relevance of model litigant policy VALUATION – compulsory acquisition of land – assessment of compensation – market value – role of “judicial valuer” – valuation of non-marketable parcel – assessment of value before and after acquisition – Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991 (NSW), s 56(1) VALUATION – compulsory acquisition of land – assessment of compensation – disturbance – where acquired land included resource – assessment of value where resource only had value because of the carrying out of the public purpose for which the land was acquired – whether claimed disturbance related to “actual use” of acquired land – Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991 (NSW), ss 55(d) and 59(f) ...

Catchwords: COMMISSIONS OF INQUIRY – inquiry established under Casino Control Act 1992 (NSW) – whether conferral of powers and authorities of a commissioner under the Royal Commissions Act 1923 (NSW) included power to compel testimony or production of documents irrespective of claim of legal professional privilege – meaning of s 143A of Casino Control Act – whether a witness summoned by or appearing before the person presiding at an inquiry entitled to claim legal professional privilege. PRIVILEGE – legal professional privilege – whether s 143A of Casino Control Act operated to abrogate legal professional privilege – whether s 143A of Casino Control Act conferred power to compel production of documents irrespective of legal professional privilege. STATUTORY INTERPRETATION – whether s 17(1) of the Royal Commissions Act conferred a power or authority on a commissioner – whether s 143A of the Casino Control Act picked up s 17(1) of the Royal Commissions Act and abrogated legal professional privilege – principle of legality – legislation to be construed in context of case law existing at time of enactment – meaning of “protection” afforded to a witness in s 11(3) of Royal Commissions Act – permissible use of extrinsic materials. ...

Catchwords: TORTS – negligence – motor vehicle accidents – recovery proceeding by workers compensation nominal insurer – worker drove into stationary oversize truck while latter stopped at intersection – trailer protruded from right turning lane into worker’s through lane – whether truck driver breached duty by failing to advance into intersection beyond unbroken stop-line – whether truck driver breached duty by failing to activate hazard lights – whether failure to activate hazard lights caused collision – appeal allowed and judgment entered for truck driver ...

Catchwords: TORTS – Negligence – apprentice worker required to insert sausage mince into a machine and link sausages - failure properly to clean the meat room floor by another employee – apprentice worker slips on a piece of sausage mince - Contributory negligence - failure of the apprentice worker to clean the meat room floor TORTS – Negligence – Apportionment of responsibility and damages - apprentice worker employed by a third party – liability of employer for non-delegable duty of care - apportionment pursuant to s 151Z Workers Compensation Act 1987 (NSW) INSURANCE – Exclusion clause – Shopping Malls Combined Liability Policy - exclusion of liability for injury to a person under a contract for the provision of labour only services to the insured - whether injured apprentice worker employed by a third party a person under a contract for the provision of labour only services to the insured ...

Catchwords: COSTS – party/party – general rule that costs follow the event – appeal upheld in part – whether issues severable – partly successful appellant to pay bulk of respondent’s costs COSTS – party/party – exceptions to general rule that costs follow the event – offers of compromise – whether failure to accept offers unreasonable – offers not specifying costs consequences of non-acceptance – offers to discontinue appeal if entitlement to trial costs foregone COSTS – party/party – exceptions to general rule that costs follow the event – recovery limited to $20,000 –total amount payable to multiple defendants exceeded $500,000 – Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 2005 (NSW), r 42.34 not engaged ...

Catchwords: JUDGMENTS AND ORDERS – question of discretionary relief remitted by Court of Appeal to single Judge of Appeal – whether open to appellants to contend that respondents should not be permitted to vary interlocutory regime so as to grant access for purpose of being heard as to discretionary relief – effect of orders and reasons of Court of Appeal POLICE – search warrant – computer seized by police pursuant to warrant – interlocutory injunctive relief granted preventing police from accessing computer – warrant later held to be invalid – owner sought return of computer and delivery up or destruction of image of its hard drive – whether representatives of police should be permitted to access computer for purpose of adducing evidence going on discretion ...

Catchwords: APPEALS – leave to appeal under Supreme Court Act 1970 (NSW) s 101(2)(r) - appeal against primary judge’s refusal to grant leave to appeal against decision of NSW Civil and Administrative Tribunal – primary judge refused leave for failure to identify questions of law on appeal as required by Civil and Administrative Tribunal Act 2013 (NSW) s 83(1) – no error in primary judge’s reasons for refusing leave – application for leave to appeal dismissed ...

Catchwords: CRIME – offences against police in execution of duty – whether police in execution of duty when alleged offences committed – accused arrested without warrant – whether arrest lawful – whether there was evidence on which the court could find, as required by s 99(1)(b) of the Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002 (NSW), that the arresting officer was “satisfied” that arrest without warrant was “reasonably necessary” for a reason stated in that section – meaning of “reasonably necessary” – need for police officer to engage in a process of comparison and to make an evaluative judgment regarding proportionate response to risk. ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – judicial review of decision of the District Court dismissing appeal from the Local Court against conviction – review not available unless jurisdictional error established – where function of the District Court was to conduct appeal by way of rehearing “on the basis of” the evidence in the Local Court – where the District Court made a central finding of fact for which there was no basis in the Local Court evidence – whether error of law – whether jurisdictional error. ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – judicial review of decision of the District Court refusing to submit a question for determination by the Court of Criminal Appeal – whether refusal on erroneous basis that the question was obviously baseless was constructive refusal to exercise jurisdiction – whether jurisdictional error. ...

Catchwords: TAXES AND DUTIES – Penalty proceedings under (CTH) Taxation Administration Act 1953 – Obligation to remit amounts withheld from wages and salaries paid to employee – Requirements of director penalty notice – Where amount claimed by Commissioner changed after giving director penalty notice – No requirement to give further notice before commencing recovery proceedings - No requirement to commence proceedings within a reasonable time after expiry of notice TAXES AND DUTIES – Penalty proceedings under (CTH) Taxation Administration Act 1953 s 269-20 –Defence of justifiable non-participation in management under (CTH) Taxation Administration Act 1953 s 269-35 – What constitutes participation in management for the purposes of the defence – The defence must be established for the entire period from the “due day” until at least the expiry of the director penalty notice ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE — Court of Appeal — Leave to appeal – whether leave to appeal be granted where applicant denied an adjournment before the primary judge leading to the matter proceeding to determination in the applicant’s absence – the applicant did not establish a case which goes beyond merely arguable – no issue of principle or question of public importance – leave refused ...

Catchwords: EQUITY – Equitable remedies – Relief against forfeiture – Doctrine confined to proprietary or possessory rights as distinct from mere contractual rights CONTRACTS – Remedies – Penalty – Doctrine extends beyond payment of a stipulated sum of money to deprivation of contractual rights – Application to deprivation of the benefit of restraint clause and warranties CONTRACTS – Construction – Interpretation – Dependent and independent obligations – Whether ‘clear words’ are required to find a relation of independency between obligations ...

Catchwords: DEFAMATION – defences – common law qualified privilege – whether privileged occasion correctly identified – relevance of privileged occasion – malice DEFAMATION – remedies – damages – whether manifestly excessive DEFAMATION – remedies – damages – aggravated damages – where conduct not improper, unjustifiable or lacking in bona fides ...

Catchwords: SUCCESSION – probate and administration – informal document – dispensing with requirements for execution of a will pursuant to Succession Act 2006 (NSW), s 8 – intention that document form a will – where no findings as to how intention formed – where primary judge found it more likely that deceased had not seen document propounded as will – where evidence did not permit a finding as to what might have caused deceased to believe she had executed a will – where evidence did not permit a finding that deceased intended that any particular document would operate as her will ...

Catchwords: WORKERS COMPENSATION – s 151Z Workers Compensation Act 1987- recovery action – whether occupier liable to indemnify employer for workers compensation payments as tortfeasor who, if sued by the worker for negligence, would have been liable to pay damages to the worker TORTS — negligence — Civil Liability Act 2002 –foreseeability of risk – whether occupier had actual knowledge of a risk when risk was earlier reported to person whose employment was taken over by occupier – knowledge of the employee imputed to the occupier TORTS — negligence — Civil Liability Act 2002 –whether obviousness of the risk ought to have led to conclusion risk was insignificant – risk not obvious – risk not insignificant TORTS — negligence — whether employer breached duty of care owed to worker – employer not negligent TORTS — negligence — contributory negligence – whether contributorily negligent in knocking a locking bar when descending a ladder that falls and injures the worker – no contributory negligence as mere accidental inadvertence ...

Catchwords: BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION – construction contracts – Building and Construction Industry Security of Payment Act 1999 (NSW) – whether right to suspend work validly exercised – whether unpaid interest on late payment of “scheduled amount” forms part of the scheduled amount – the definition of “scheduled amount” does not include interest payable under s 11 on the unpaid amount of a progress payment unless that amount is included in a “scheduled amount” CONTRACT – Breach of Contract – whether ‘show cause notice’ was validly issued in circumstances where the power to issue the notice was conferred on the principal’s representative – where principal was involved in the principal’s representative’s decision to issue the notice – notice validly issued as principal’s representative gave adequate and proper consideration to issuing the notice and it would be inconsistent with the principal’s right to see that its representative acts properly if it could not be involved in the decision CONTRACT – Breach of Contract – whether ‘take out notice’ was validly issued where its validity was contingent on the principal’s representative being satisfied that the default that was the subject of the ‘show cause notice’ had not been remedied or the contractor had otherwise failed to show cause – not shown that the principal’s representative failed to give adequate and proper consideration to the issues – not shown that the principal’s representative did not possess the relevant satisfaction EVIDENCE — Privileges — Without prejudice privilege – whether information obtained during the course of ‘without prejudice’ meetings can be used for purposes other than settlement – ‘without prejudice’ privilege is not based upon an implied agreement that if the negotiations do not result in an agreement for settlement of the dispute, the parties will make no use of what has been disclosed by the other party in the negotiations ...

Catchwords: CONTRACT - real estate agent buyers agreement - entitlement to commission - agreement between property developer and real estate agent - agent to acquire options over seven contiguous parcels of land - options acquired over some of land - options never exercised by developer - agent rendered invoices for commission as options acquired - some invoices paid - whether agent entitled to commission for obtaining options which were never exercised MISLEADING AND DECEPTIVE CONDUCT - agent made demands for commission - whether demands misleading or deceptive contrary to s 18 Australian Consumer Law - whether demands were expressions of opinion of agent's legal entitlement ...

Catchwords: APPEALS - time for commencing appeal - orders made dismissing applicants’ claims - costs orders made months later - whether time for appeal only ran from costs orders - whether applicants should have an extension of time - whether applicants had sufficiently explained delay - extension of time for appeal refused JUDICIAL REVIEW – applicants’ land claimed to be affected by Minister’s plan made under Water Management Act 2000 (NSW) - applicants brought judicial review proceedings challenging numerous decisions including making of the Minister’s plan - proceedings dismissed as not brought within 3 months as required by s 47 - application to reopen after judgment reserved refused - all bases of judicial review rejected - whether primary judge erred in finding proceedings statute-barred - whether Minister entitled to make decisions to make a plan at “high level” - whether Minister had duty to classify water sources of the State - whether first applicant should have been issued with a licence expressed in terms of unregulated water - whether error in refusing application to adduce further evidence - extension of time for appeal refused ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – whether permanent stay of proceedings should be granted – civil claims arising from alleged sexual assaults up to 40 years ago – where alleged perpetrator dead but had been charged with regard to some of the underlying complaints prior to his death – where perpetrator had admitted some of the acts but asserted that they were consensual – where each of the plaintiffs was a minor at the time of the alleged assaults CIVIL PROCEDURE – historic sexual assault – claim against Estate – where alleged perpetrator dead TORTS – sexual assault – alleged consent – where plaintiffs were minors at the time of alleged consent – whether consent by a minor is a defence to a civil claim for damages for sexual assault ...

Catchwords: COURTS - jurisdiction - proceedings between former de facto partners in Supreme Court concerning ownership of property – primary claim in equity – alternative claim under Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) – primary judge upholds claims in equity and makes contingent findings under Family Law Act – defendant files appeal confined to challenging orders based in equity – plaintiff/respondent files notice of contention based on Family Law Act contingent findings – whether appeal lay to Court of Appeal – whether even if appeal required to be instituted in Court of Appeal, notice of contention required its transfer to Family Court – prohibition on instituting and determining certain appeals in Jurisdiction of Courts (Cross-vesting) Act 1987 (Cth) s 7 construed and applied – appeal transferred to Family Court ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – application for leave to appeal from summary dismissal of proceedings – proceedings dismissed because rights to sue vested in applicants’ trustees in bankruptcy, and because of earlier litigation – no basis for grant of leave – in any event, any appeal would lie to Federal Court by reason of s 7(5) of Jurisdiction of Courts (Cross-vesting) Act 1987 (Cth) ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – leave to appeal – judgment in supervisory jurisdiction – review of refusal to award costs of unsuccessful prosecution – applicant’s focus on decision under review, not judgment under appeal – need to show error in judgment under appeal – issues raised not subject of judgment under appeal – scope of judicial review where tribunal not satisfied of preconditions to power to award costs CRIMINAL PROCEDURE – costs – defendant’s costs of unsuccessful prosecution for summary offence – whether magistrate erred in refusing to award costs – honest belief of prosecutor – whether prosecution initiated without reasonable cause – scope of Criminal Procedure Act 1986, s 214(1)(b), (d) ...

Catchwords: MENTAL HEALTH – forensic patients – expiry of limiting term – extension of status as forensic patient – whether extension order can be made with respect to a person who has ceased to be a forensic patient APPEALS – appeal from refusal to make an interim extension order under the Mental Health (Forensic Provisions) Act 1990 (NSW) – source of right to appeal – whether subject to leave – limited grant of leave STATUTORY INTERPRETATION – principle of legality – fundamental rights and freedoms – intention to confer power to infringe liberty – application to extension orders under the Mental Health (Forensic Provisions) Act 1990 STATUTORY INTERPRETATION – use of defined term – whether used as label – whether context and subject matter show intention that definition not apply – application of Interpretation Act 1987 (NSW), s 6 WORDS & PHRASES – “may” – power conferred on Supreme Court to make interim extension order with respect to forensic patient – whether coupled with duty to make order where pre-conditions satisfied – Mental Health (Forensic Provisions) Act 1990, Sch 1, cl 10 ...

Catchwords: SUCCESSION — Family provision — Appeals — appeal from orders made in chambers approving s 95 Succession Act releases — whether primary judge failed to consider each of the matters listed in s 95(4) Succession Act — appeal dismissed — application for leave to amend grounds of appeal denied — cross-appeal — change of position/ estoppel defence to restitution of moneys paid pursuant to impugned orders ...

Catchwords: EMPLOYMENT AND INDUSTRIAL LAW – Public sector – Police – Misconduct and unsatisfactory performance – Powers of Commissioner – Power to order transfer of non-executive police officer to another position in case of “misconduct” – Whether particular transfer a “non-disciplinary transfer” – Meaning of “non-disciplinary transfer”. ...

Catchwords: CONSUMER LAW – misleading or deceptive conduct – where parties engaged in joint venture – where subsequently parties entered deed of settlement to resolve disputes – where one party misunderstood financial position of an entity being acquired under deed – where that party did not make inquiries to verify position – where other party participated in causing the misunderstanding, was aware of it and failed to correct it – whether conduct misleading or deceptive TAXES AND DUTIES – GST – input tax credits – entitlement to refunds ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – Court of Appeal – application for leave to appeal – whether valid application under s 459G of Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) – whether affidavit supported the application on ground of an offsetting demand – challenge to primary judge’s factual finding that affidavit did not answer that description – no injustice demonstrated CORPORATIONS – winding up – whether valid application under s 459G of Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) – where period for compliance with statutory demand has expired – where no extension of period for compliance sought or obtained – no utility in attempting to have statutory demand set aside ...

Catchwords: TORTS — negligence — liability — prison authority — where respondent victim of prison assault causing serious injury — where prison authority informed of threat — whether failure to segregate and arrange for transfer breach of duty of care — consideration of powers to order segregated custody under the Crimes (Administration of Sentences) Act 1999 (NSW) ...

Catchwords: LIMITATION OF ACTIONS – Discoverability – Personal injury – Knowledge of fault of defendant – Whether “fault” for the purposes of Limitation Act 1969 (NSW), s 50D(1)(b) can be known without the assistance of legal advice in relation to what may constitute a breach of duty and what may amount to a causal link between the breach of duty and the injury – Knowledge of fact as opposed to “belief” of fact – Time to assess knowledge of fact. ...

Catchwords: WORKERS’ COMPENSATION – Entitlement to lump sum compensation – Causal relation between injury and incapacity - The extent to which the first respondent’s present permanent impairment is the result of the first injury as distinct from the second injury. ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – Jurisdictional error or error of law on the face of the record – Whether the Appeal Panel of the Workers Compensation Commission of NSW in certifying that the percentage whole person impairment of the first respondent as a result of the first injury was 6% committed jurisdictional error or an error of law on the face of the record. ...

Catchwords: COSTS – party/party – appeals – court’s discretion – where appellant filed a submitting appearance and did not cause or contribute to the first respondent’s costs in the proceedings below – where appellant did not cause the errors the subject of the proceedings below – where the proceedings below could not be resolved by consent – whether failure by primary judge to take into account considerations relevant to the costs discretion – order as to costs set aside COSTS – appeals – Suitors’ Fund – whether decision of claims assessor under the Motor Accidents Compensation Act 1999 (NSW) is a decision of a “court or tribunal” for the purposes of the Suitors’ Fund Act 1951 (NSW) – whether judicial review pursuant to s 69 of the Supreme Court Act 1970 (NSW) constitutes “an appeal” for the purposes of s 6 of the Suitors’ Fund Act ...

Catchwords: NEGLIGENCE – personal injury – plaintiff slipped and fell on building site – plaintiff sued occupier of site and employer – plaintiff claimed he fell while descending partially built staircase from which not all formwork had been removed – trial judge not persuaded that plaintiff's case made out – whether appellable error by primary judge in assessment of evidence – multitude of grounds advanced, all rejected – appeal dismissed ...

Catchwords: ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – judicial review – supervisory jurisdiction – judgment of District Court on appeal from Local Court – criminal jurisdiction – where conviction and sentence set aside and permanent stay of criminal proceedings ordered – whether District Court misapprehended nature and scope of power to prevent abuse of process – whether District Court misconstrued double jeopardy provision in Crimes (Administration of Sentences) Act 1999 (NSW), s 63 – whether jurisdictional error established ...

Catchwords: EMPLOYMENT AND INDUSTRIAL LAW – termination – common law – summary dismissal – whether justified because of lack of candour of employed solicitor in dealing with legal precedents of the firm – no question of principle CONTRACTS – remedies – damages – wrongful termination of contract of employment – assessment of damages – whether and when partners would otherwise have resolved to terminate and whether would have resolved to make payment in lieu of notice – whether opportunity to seek employment whilst serving out notice period lost and compensable as a valuable opportunity ...

Catchwords: LEASES AND TENANCIES – eviction by landlord – suspension of obligation to pay rent – characteristics of eviction – whether common law rule displaced by lease contract – whether covenants other than for rent suspended during eviction LEASES AND TENANCIES – construction of lease contract – where contract imposed obligations to obtain, maintain, comply with and provide the landlord copies of consents or approvals necessary or appropriate for mining business – time for compliance with obligations – no question of principle LEASES AND TENANCIES – termination of lease by landlord – termination notices – s 129 Conveyancing Act – whether notices required to specify reasonable time in which to remedy breach ...

Catchwords: NEGLIGENCE – damages – residual earning capacity – plaintiff injured in course of employment – plaintiff completely incapacitated for work from date of injury until conclusion of hearing – whether plaintiff has residual earning capacity of eight hours per week – vicissitudes - whether case warranted greater than usual discount for vicissitudes of 15 per cent EVIDENCE – opinion evidence – expert opinion of clinical psychologist concerning residual earning capacity of plaintiff – whether clinical psychologist was sufficiently qualified to give expert evidence ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – appeal – judgment of District Court – amount in issue – leave to appeal required – expiry of period within which to seek leave to appeal – extension of time – non-appearance by appellant – notice under Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 2005 (NSW), r 13.6 – appeal incompetent – summary dismissal ...

Catchwords: SUCCESSION — contested probate — testamentary capacity — application of test in Banks v Goodfellow — where will apparent rational on its face — where evidence of hallucinations or delusions — whether delusions or hallucinations affected the provisions of the will — whether deceased was able to comprehend and appreciate the claims to which deceased ought to have given effect ...

Catchwords: CORPORATIONS – Insolvency – second meeting of creditors resolves to place company into liquidation – substantial creditors’ motion for appointment of liquidator fails – former administrator as person presiding at meeting exercises casting vote against resolution – proper characterisation of resolution – whether or not resolution to appoint liquidator was a resolution to remove an external administrator within the meaning of s 75-115 of Insolvency Practice Rules – whether Court should have ordered that proposed resolution to appoint liquidators should have been taken to have been passed at meeting within meaning of s 75-43(4)(a) of the Insolvency Practice Schedule – relevant considerations. CORPORATIONS – Insolvency – company in administration – s 90-15 of the Insolvency Practice Schedule – whether a source of power to order that resolution to appoint liquidators be ordered to have been taken to have been passed at creditors’ meeting – whether general power to make orders or only engaged where failure or default on part of administrator ...

Catchwords: SUCCESSION — executors and administrators — rights, powers and duties — executrix exercised deceased’s right to rescind contract for sale of land before obtaining probate — consideration of ss 44 and 61 of the Probate and Administration Act 1898 (NSW) — whether rescission valid when given — whether rescission retrospectively validated on obtaining probate LAND LAW — conveyancing — contract for sale — rescission — construction of clause providing right to rescind — whether right available only to surviving party to contract — whether solicitor named in contract able to exercise right notwithstanding vendor’s death LAND LAW — conveyancing — contract for sale — breach — five-year completion period — where neither party took steps to complete — whether contract breached — where purchaser subsequently attempted to bring about completion — whether estate took advantage of its own wrong in serving second rescission notice ...

Catchwords: LEGAL PRACTITIONERS – disciplinary proceedings – practitioner convicted of aggravated robbery – whether fit and proper person – order removing name from roll – whether necessary to make declaration of unfitness – declaration not made COSTS – whether there should be an order as to costs – discretion of the court as to costs – whether facilitating rehabilitation a sound basis for declining to make costs order ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE - Court of Appeal - Stay of proceedings - Application for permanent stay of proceedings concerning sexual assaults allegedly perpetrated by teacher against student between 1974 and 1976 - Alleged abuse did not occur on school grounds - Whether primary judge erred in the exercise of discretion to refuse a permanent stay of proceedings - Whether discretion should be re-exercised - Whether inquiries made by applicant to ascertain if material available were adequate - Whether applicant was responsible for its difficulty in dealing with proceedings by not investigating the claim earlier. LIMITATION OF ACTIONS - Personal injury - Child abuse - Legislative removals of previous limitation periods - s 6A Limitation Act 1969 (NSW) - Sexual assaults alleged to have occurred between 1974 and 1976 - Whether proceedings should be permanently stayed. ...

Catchwords: HIGH RISK OFFENDER – appeal from making of continuing detention order – whether conviction for manslaughter on the basis of excessive self-defence was a “serious violence offence” – whether error in not specifying commencement date for continuing detention order – alleged errors in criminal record – alleged errors in submissions to primary judge and summaries provided to experts – whether error in assessing risk – appeal dismissed ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – summary disposal – defence based on limitation period – issues of fact or law to be determined – suitability for summary determination LIMITATION OF ACTIONS – limitation period for personal injury actions – when cause of action is “discoverable” – when the plaintiff “knows” that the injury was “caused by the fault of the defendant” –sufficiency of knowledge based on incomplete information – Limitation Act 1969 (NSW), ss 50C and 50D WORDS AND PHRASES – “discoverable” – “knows” – “fact” ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – Court of Appeal – Application for leave to appeal – whether the appeal points to any error of principle on the part of the primary judge in the exercise of judicial discretion – whether the applicant had sufficient opportunity to file the relevant evidence. ...

Catchwords: JUDICIAL REVIEW – appeal pending in District Court – criminal jurisdiction – appeals from convictions and imposition of apprehended domestic violence order IN Local Court – review of interlocutory decisions – review of rejection of recusal application PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS – bias – recusal application based on apprehended bias – appeal from refusal – when interlocutory appeal available PROCEDURE – solicitor on record – professional responsibilities – instructions terminated after failed adjournment application – limiting scope of solicitor’s instructions – application of Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 2005 (NSW), Pt 7, div 7 ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – corroborative evidence – whether evidence relied upon by primary judge corroborated evidence of the plaintiff which primary judge was not prepared to accept absent corroboration – meaning of corroborative evidence – corroboration by circumstantial evidence UNJUST ENRICHMENT – monies admitted to be owing arising from participation in a “seetu” – admission that at least $100,000 owing – organiser of seetu refusing to pay – claim for monies had and received – restitution properly ordered ...

Catchwords: TORTS – damages – motor vehicle accident – plaintiff sustained lower back injury – whether plaintiff also sustained injury to neck – few initial complaints of neck injury – whether trial judge addressed the significant medical evidence – adequacy of findings of reliability of plaintiff – reasoning insufficient to justify conclusion TORTS – damages – quantification of loss of earnings – calculation of lost earnings based on workers compensation payments – lack of evidence of actual earnings – whether residual earning capacity properly assessed – basis of trial judge’s calculations not specified – matter remitted to District Court ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – default judgment – leave to appeal from interlocutory decision refusing to set aside – where dispute concerned unpaid commissions in real estate agency agreement – where defendant failed to file defence – where inadequate explanation for delay – consideration of length of delay and any special prejudice to plaintiff – where primary judge found bona fide defence on the merits – dictates of just, quick and cheap resolution of proceedings – where plaintiff conceded portion of judgment debt not properly supported on grounds argued below – whether unjust to permit plaintiff to retain entirety of default judgment – appropriate costs orders where defendant sought an indulgence and plaintiff had reasonably opposed – default judgment varied ...

Catchwords: TORTS – false imprisonment – wrongful arrest – assault and battery – arrest pursuant to a warrant – whether primary judge erred in preferring the evidence of police officers to the evidence of the plaintiff – whether primary judge erred in finding that the plaintiff was lawfully arrested whether primary judge required to consider all submissions made during hearing – whether police required to consider alternatives to arrest – whether police required to give reasons for arrest – whether primary judge erred in failing to award exemplary damages – false imprisonment found to be unintentional ...

Catchwords: CIVIL PROCEDURE – separate determination of questions – formulation of questions – primary judge’s discretion miscarried because of error in relation to expected length of hearing of separate question – need for re-exercise of discretion – claim in professional negligence and for statutory breaches in relation to valuation of property for mortgage valuation purposes – limitation defence raised – whether separate question should be ordered in respect of limitation defence – where question essentially one of law and capable of resolving dispute if answered favourably to defendant – consideration of length and cost of any hearing of separate question relative to length of hearing and cost of full trial ...

Catchwords: APPEALS – actual or apprehended bias – unfavourable comments at pre-trial hearing – whether primary judge dissuadable from alleged fixed opinion – criticism of legal representatives – whether justified – whether indicative of bias SUCCESSION – family provision – claim by adult son – where deceased remarried – where deceased left entire estate to family from second marriage – deceased’s moral obligation to widow – discussion of role of freedom of testamentary disposition in family provision claims ...

Catchwords: APPEALS – time for appeal – notice of intention to appeal filed and served – successful defendant sought orders limiting time within which appeal could be commenced – whether Court of Appeal had jurisdiction and power to make such an order – whether such an order should be made – application refused ...

Catchwords: REAL PROPERTY – Conveyancing Act 1919 s 88K – Easements – “Reasonably necessary” – where terms imposed on and limiting re use said to be uncertain in their practical operation – where terms in effect required use of alternative means of access in circumstances that were not readily capable of being assessed – where terms in substance required an alternative access route to be used in particular circumstances but where that alternative route would involve traversing property in breach of Crown Land Management Act 2016 ...

Catchwords: APPEAL – interlocutory relief – relief sought pending delivery of reserved judgment of Court of Appeal – applicant claimed equitable interest in land – claim dismissed at first instance, with orders that caveats be removed – no application for a stay – appeal heard expeditiously – in meantime, respondent sought to sell the land – contract for sale of land entered into – purchaser aware of applicant’s claimed equitable interest in the land – application for leave to lodge further caveat, and for injunction against purchaser, refused ...

Catchwords: APPEAL AND REVIEW – application for leave to appeal – amount in issue below threshold – whether alleged error more than merely arguable – whether issue of principle or public importance – likely disproportion between the costs of an appeal and amount in issue GUARANTEE AND INDEMNITY — novation of uncompleted contract for sale of part of land when whole land sold to third party – third party required to indemnify vendor for claims arising “as a result” of the first contract – legal costs incurred by vendor because of his failure to execute deed of novation – whether indemnity covered vendor’s legal costs ...

Catchwords: INSURANCE – double insurance – contribution between insurers – “other insurance” clauses – one policy contained an “excess” clause and the other an “escape” clause – whether there was double insurance on proper construction of policies – whether rule in Weddell v Road Transport and General Insurance [1932] 2 KB 563 applied ...