Gerner v Victoria [2020] HCA 48 (10 December 2020) (Kiefel CJ, Gageler, Keane, Gordon and Edelman JJ)


Catchwords:


Constitutional law (Cth) – Implications from Constitution – Where directions made under s 200(1)(b) and (d) of Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 (Vic) restricted movement of persons within Victoria – Where plaintiffs sought declarations that directions and s 200(1)(b) and (d) of Public Health and Wellbeing Act were invalid as an infringement of a freedom to move wherever one wishes for whatever reason (“freedom of movement”) said to be implicit in Constitution – Where defendant demurred on ground that Constitution did not imply freedom of movement – Whether freedom of movement implicit in federal structure of Constitution – Whether freedom of movement protected by implied freedom of political communication – Whether freedom of movement implicit in s 92 of Constitution.

Words and phrases – “constitutional implication”, “constitutional interpretation”, “COVID-19”, “federal structure”, “federation”, “freedom of movement”, “implied freedom of movement”, “implied freedom of political communication”, “interstate intercourse”, “intrastate intercourse”, “political communication”, “quarantine”, “terms and structure”, “text and structure”.