Jankovic v Director of Public Prosecutions [2020] NSWCA 31 (05 March 2020) (Macfarlan JA at [1]; White JA at [2]; Barrett AJA at [29])


Catchwords:


CRIME – offences against police in execution of duty – whether police in execution of duty when alleged offences committed – accused arrested without warrant – whether arrest lawful – whether there was evidence on which the court could find, as required by s 99(1)(b) of the Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002 (NSW), that the arresting officer was “satisfied” that arrest without warrant was “reasonably necessary” for a reason stated in that section – meaning of “reasonably necessary” – need for police officer to engage in a process of comparison and to make an evaluative judgment regarding proportionate response to risk.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – judicial review of decision of the District Court dismissing appeal from the Local Court against conviction – review not available unless jurisdictional error established – where function of the District Court was to conduct appeal by way of rehearing “on the basis of” the evidence in the Local Court – where the District Court made a central finding of fact for which there was no basis in the Local Court evidence – whether error of law – whether jurisdictional error.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – judicial review of decision of the District Court refusing to submit a question for determination by the Court of Criminal Appeal – whether refusal on erroneous basis that the question was obviously baseless was constructive refusal to exercise jurisdiction – whether jurisdictional error.