Minister for Immigration, Citizenship, Migrant Services and Multicultural Affairs v AAM17 [2021] HCA 6 (04 March 2021) (Kiefel CJ, Keane, Gordon, Edelman and Steward JJ)


Catchwords:


Immigration – Visas – Application for protection visa – Procedural fairness – Where delegate of Minister rejected first respondent’s application for protection visa – Where Administrative Appeals Tribunal affirmed delegate’s decision – Where first respondent sought judicial review of that decision in Federal Circuit Court – Where first respondent unrepresented before Circuit Court and obtained assistance of interpreter – Where Circuit Court dismissed application for judicial review and delivered ex tempore judgment – Where Circuit Court orders were translated to first respondent but ex tempore reasons were not – Where written reasons delivered by Circuit Court after first respondent filed notice of appeal in Federal Court of Australia – Where Federal Court held that failure of Circuit Court to have ex tempore reasons for judgment translated resulted in denial of procedural fairness – Whether Federal Court erred in holding that Circuit Court denied first respondent procedural fairness – Whether Federal Court erred in holding that setting aside Circuit Court’s judgment necessary to provide first respondent with practical justice.

Words and phrases – “assistance of an interpreter”, “ex tempore reasons”, “failure to translate”, “judicial function”, “operative reasons”, “oral reasons”, “practical injustice”, “practical unfairness”, “procedural fairness”, “written reasons”.