MZAPC v Minister for Immigration and Border Protection [2021] HCA 17 (19 May 2021) (Kiefel CJ, Gageler, Keane, Gordon, Edelman, Steward and Gleeson JJ)


Catchwords:


Immigration – Refugees – Application for protection visa – Where appellant applied to Refugee Review Tribunal (“Tribunal”) for review of first respondent’s decision to refuse protection visa under Migration Act 1958 (Cth) (“Act”) – Where s 438 notification issued under Act in relation to material including appellant’s criminal record – Where Tribunal did not disclose existence of s 438 notification to appellant – Where first respondent conceded failure to disclose amounted to breach of procedural fairness – Where information covered by s 438 notification not referred to in reasons for decision – Whether breach material – Whether Tribunal in fact took s 438 notification information into account in making decision – Whether Federal Court erred by erecting presumption that Tribunal did not take s 438 notification information into account – Whether disclosure to appellant of fact of s 438 notification could realistically have led to different decision – Whether appellant or first respondent bore onus of proof of materiality – Whether Federal Court erred by confining materiality consideration to offence of dishonesty to exclusion of other offences.

Words and phrases – “counterfactual inquiry”, “credit”, “discharging the burden of proof”, “failure to disclose”, “judicial review”, “jurisdictional error”, “lost opportunity to present legal and factual argument”, “materiality”, “onus of proof”, “opportunity to be heard”, “practical injustice”, “presumption”, “procedural fairness”, “realistic possibility”, “reasonable conjecture”, “statutory interpretation”, “subconscious impact”, “threshold of materiality”.